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covid   05 2020

The Rock of SolutréThe Rock of Solutré (French: Roche de Solutré), is a limestone escarpment 8 km (5.0 mi) west of Mâcon overlooking the commune of Solutré-Pouilly and an iconic site of the Saône-et-Loire, in the south of the Bourgogne. Protected by the French law on sites classés and currently at the heart of a Grand Site National operation, it draws its fame severally as a rare geological phenomenon of the region, as a prehistoric site of the eponymous Solutrean paleolithic culture, and for the natural environment which it summit provides, the pelouse calciole grassland of Mâcon, with its distinctive flora and fauna. Occupied by man for at least 55,000 years, it is also the cradle of the Pouilly-Fuissé wine appellation.

In the Mesozoic era warm seas extended over the region, of which many fossil remains can be readily observed. The Roche de Solutré, like its neighbour the Rock of Vergisson, was created from fossilized coral plateaux which appeared approximately 160 million years ago in these seas.

In the Tertiary era, the east of Bourgogne underwent the effects of the Alpine rising; while the Alps grew higher, the Saône basin collapsed. At the same times, plateaux rose in the west of the plain, then rocked towards the east.

These processes had mixed up types of land with different natural composition, and erosion acted on them differently. The shapes of the surrounding mountains became more curved, while the cliffs of Solutré and Vergisson have emerged on the west side, contrasting with the gentle slopes on their east.

The Rock of Solutré  and the Rock of Vergisson (left)Surrounded by vineyards, the rock hosts a varied and spectacular country, from the height of its rocky peak or its grassy slopes. The Saône plain extends to the east, with a view of Mâconnais in the foreground, then Ain and Dombes against the backdrop of the Alps and Mont Blanc in good visibility.

In the three other directions the countryside is less open and bounded by the lines and crests of surrounding hills, with vineyards, villages, and typical Mâconnais settlements, in particular:

to the north among the hills and vineyards, the village of Vergisson and its own outcrop ;
to the west, the Roman road, and beyond, a mixed area of vineyards, groves and forests ;
to the south, the village of Solutré-Pouilly and the Mont de Pouilly.
Solutré's remains from prehistoric times are some of the richest in Europe in bones and stone artifacts. Following their discovery, the Rock gave its name to a culture of the Upper Paleolithic, the Solutrean.

The departmental history museum, a structure designed by the architect Guy Clapot from Strasbourg, is situated at the foot of the rock. The museum was opened in 1987. Because of regulations in force at the site, the museum lies beneath a dome planted with vegetation, and is hardly visible from a distance. The places where the discoveries were made are presented in the museum along with a reconstructions of scenes from the hunt. The museum also hosts temporary exhibitions on subjects related to archeology, prehistory and ethnography.

Since 2013, the Municipality of Chasselas joined the Great Site of Solutré. You can discover the prestigious Castle with its vineyards during VIP tastings organized by his Chatelain. Le Moulin de Saint Vérand can offer customized stays "all inclusive". Please contatcte us.

Source: Wikipedia


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